Warning: date() [function.date]: It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EST/-5.0/no DST' instead in /home/dirtya5/public_html/include/Modules/Statistics/Attendance/Broker.php on line 91

Warning: date() [function.date]: It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EST/-5.0/no DST' instead in /home/dirtya5/public_html/include/Modules/Statistics/Attendance/Broker.php on line 91

Warning: date() [function.date]: It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EST/-5.0/no DST' instead in /home/dirtya5/public_html/include/Modules/Statistics/Attendance/Broker.php on line 91

Warning: date() [function.date]: It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EST/-5.0/no DST' instead in /home/dirtya5/public_html/include/Modules/Statistics/Attendance/Broker.php on line 91

Warning: date() [function.date]: It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EST/-5.0/no DST' instead in /home/dirtya5/public_html/include/Modules/Statistics/Attendance/Broker.php on line 91

Warning: date() [function.date]: It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EST/-5.0/no DST' instead in /home/dirtya5/public_html/include/Modules/Statistics/Attendance/Broker.php on line 91

Warning: mktime() [function.mktime]: It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EST/-5.0/no DST' instead in /home/dirtya5/public_html/include/Modules/Statistics/Attendance/Broker.php on line 91

Warning: mktime() [function.mktime]: It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EST/-5.0/no DST' instead in /home/dirtya5/public_html/include/Modules/Statistics/Attendance/Broker.php on line 91

Warning: date() [function.date]: It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EST/-5.0/no DST' instead in /home/dirtya5/public_html/include/Modules/Statistics/Attendance/Broker.php on line 113

Warning: date() [function.date]: It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EST/-5.0/no DST' instead in /home/dirtya5/public_html/include/Modules/Statistics/Attendance/Broker.php on line 113

Warning: date() [function.date]: It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EST/-5.0/no DST' instead in /home/dirtya5/public_html/include/Modules/Statistics/Attendance/Broker.php on line 113

Warning: date() [function.date]: It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EST/-5.0/no DST' instead in /home/dirtya5/public_html/include/Modules/Statistics/Attendance/Broker.php on line 113

Warning: mktime() [function.mktime]: It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EST/-5.0/no DST' instead in /home/dirtya5/public_html/include/Modules/Statistics/Attendance/Broker.php on line 113

Warning: mktime() [function.mktime]: It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EST/-5.0/no DST' instead in /home/dirtya5/public_html/include/Modules/Statistics/Attendance/Broker.php on line 113
DirtyAviston.com - Other
DirtyAviston.com
Promoting Public Awareness of the Outdoor Wood Boiler (OWB) also known as the Outdoor Wood Furnace (OWF) also known as the Outdoor Wood-Fired Hydronic Heater (OWHH)
Promoting Public Awareness of the Outdoor Wood Boiler (OWB) also known as the Outdoor Wood Furnace (OWF) also known as the Outdoor Wood-Fired Hydronic Heater (OWHH)
Federal
State
Industry
Other







Oxidative Stress, DNA Damage, And Inflammation Induced By Ambient Air And Wood Smoke Particulate Matter In Human A549 And THP-1 Cell Lines





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International Association of Certified Home Inspectors:

Wood smoke is hazardous because it contains a mixture of at least 100 different gasses and fine particulate matter. Nearly all of the pollutants that the EPA cautions against, including ozone, carbon monoxide, nitrous oxides, particulate matter, and sulfur dioxide, are components of wood smoke.

This smoke can easily make its way around closed doors and windows and into the homes of neighbors. There have even been reports of indoor smoke alarms being activated by smoke from water stoves, partly because they release smoke at low heights relative to a typical house chimney, so that it has difficulty dispersing. For these reasons, water stoves should be used only in rural areas far from neighboring residences.


To make matters worse, water stoves, by design, are terrible polluters, making them even more of a public health threat. They encourage a slow, cool fire, in contrast to a woodstove or even a traditional fireplace.  This maximizes the amount of heat transferred to the water, but also minimizes the efficiency of the burn. This “damping” of the fire, while an efficient technique to heat water, produces additional harmful chemicals and smoke, which is oxygen-starved and low-temperature due to incomplete combustion. 

According to the Vermont Department of Environmental Conservation, water stoves are often falsely advertised as efficient heaters. In fact, they rarely have a thermal efficiency of more than 50%, while woodstoves generally are in the 63%-to-72% range, meaning that extra wood is required to produce usable heat.

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The big problem is they smoke. Boy, do they smoke. There are a couple of reasons why older outdoor boilers were such notorious smokers. First and most obvious is that the firebox of most units is fully surrounded by a water jacket. While this might be good from a heat transfer point of view, it makes complete combustion of the wood just about impossible. The flaming combustion of wood cannot occur below about 1000°F, so those steel surfaces backed up by water at 150°F chill and quench the flames well before combustion is complete.

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NUISANCE DEFINED

A private nuisance has been described as a substantial interference with another’s use and enjoyment of his property. The interference must consist of something perceptible to the senses. The Supreme Court of Illinois has repeatedly described a nuisance as "something that is offensive, physically, to the senses and by such offensiveness makes life uncomfortable." Typical examples would be smoke, fumes, dust, vibration, or noise produced by someone on his own land and impairing the use and enjoyment of neighboring land. Illinois courts have allowed nuisance actions where the alleged invasion consisted of noise, odors and flies. © 1996-2003 DuPage County Bar Association

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The Dangers to Health From Outdoor Wood Furnaces
 
from Environment and Human Health, Inc. (EHHI). In this report, Environment and Human Health, Inc. (EHHI) explains its study, which measured potential wood smoke inhalation by people living in homes in the vicinity of outdoor wood furnaces (OWFs), also known as outdoor wood boilers (OWBs). EHHI’s study monitored levels of PM2.5 and PM0.5 particles in each house for 72 hours. Copyright ©2010 Environment & Human Health, Inc.



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